Discuss the play, Oedipus the King.
Aristotle said Oedipus the King was the and if literary history—with it's absolute love of heroes with serious family issues and the fate of a civilization resting in their hands—is anything to go on,
Oedipus saved the city once before and became a hero.
This is where the story of Antigone picks up. Creon, Oedipus’s brother in law and uncle (Oedipus married his mother) is now King of Thebes. He issues a decree to give funeral honours to one, but not the other. He honours Eteocles for defending the city, but leaves Polynices out to be eaten by dogs. However, as part of his family, it is Antigone’s right and obligation to bury both of her brothers, and she does so. Under Creon’s edict, this incurs the death penalty for the headstrong young woman. Creon becomes increasingly stubborn, eventually showing hubris, which the gods could not ignore for any longer. He imprisons her alive in a tomb, not knowing that his son Haemon, who is bethrothed to her, follows. The prophet Teiresias comes to Creon and after initial resistance, Creon repents and decides to go to free Antigone. He finds that he is too late, however, and rather tragically, Antigone has hung herself, Haemon falls on his sword before Creon’s eyes and the body of Creon’s wife is found shortly after, leaving Creon a broken man.
Furthermore, the reason Oedipus is dead set on solving the mystery is to save his people. Creon brings him word from the Oracle of Delphi that he must banish the murderer from the city or the plague that is ravaging Thebes will continue. It seems like Oedipus is doing exactly what a good ruler ought to do. He's trying to act in the best interest of his people.
The same debate applies to Oedipus the King and Oedipus at Colonus.
We're going to go with "all of the above." Sophocles' Oedipus The King hits so many nerves that it haunts the public imagination to this day... and influences our most awesome movies and TV shows.
The question is: Did Oedipus deserve his punishments.
The play fast forwards to ten years later after Oedipus becomes king. There is a Chorus of citizens in unison about problems and concerns within their town. King Oedipus wants to help but Olympian Gods are not happy about the murder of their previous king and why it has been left unsolved. Kind Oedipus claims the killer will be brought to justice and punished no matter who they are. Then Oedipus learns from a psychic that he is the killer of the previous king and gives other disturbing news about him killing his father and marring his mother.
Oedipus gives a speech to address the concerns of the people.
Of course, Oedipus has a pretty good case for self defense. There he was—a lone traveler, minding his own business. Then, out of nowhere, a bunch of guys show up, shove him off the road, and hit him in the head with whip. If we were Oedipus, we'd be angry too.
The protagonist, Oedipus is a heroic mythical king who had it all.
The centre door of the palace opens and Oedipus enters. He wears the golden garland and staff of a king. He is a proud but benevolent, kindly king and is recognised as such by his subjects.
"Oedipus the King" was introduced around 429 B.C.E.
Take out that bit about Han Solo (and also, maybe the bar), and change sister to mother and you've got the bare bones of ' Oedipus the King: guy gets chosen as the One to battle evil (sadly, not a host of stormtroopers—Sophocles goes with a plague caused by the evil presence of a murderer in Thebes), sleeps with his mother, and finds out that he himself was his father's killer without even knowing it.
Oedipus' honor was his claim against the murder.
Killing all but one of them seems like an overreaction to modern audiences, but Oedipus' actions wouldn't have seemed as radical to an ancient Greek audience. They lived in violent times. A man had the right to defend himself when attacked, especially when alone on a deserted road.