quotes and an essay on materialism--an obstacle to …

The contemporary world is full of people who possess materialistic trait

Quotes, quotations, and sayings on materialism from living life fully

Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby takes place during the 1920s, also known as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, extreme materialism is the greatest value in the society of the 1920s.

From a cultural materialist point of view society is indisputably shaped by the factors of production and reproduction....

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The author's use of imagery and the plot in both stories makes it clear that materialism can play a great part in how people's attitudes and behavior are affected and altered towards others because of a lifestyle filled with misfortune.

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Thirdly and last, materialism has always assumed that life is wholly the product of natural processes. All human thought and feeling emerges from the nonliving, inorganic matrix of physical nature and ends at death. Lucretius believed that thoughts and feelings were literally made up of a film of very fine atoms that peeled away from objects and recombined in the brain. D'Holbach believed that thoughts and feelings were the end product of chains of physical causation rooted in atomic motion. Buechner believed that thoughts and feelings were electrical impulses somehow shaped by the human nervous system into coherent patterns. Moreover, though it's not widely known, Lucretius and d'Holbach both theorized that organic life evolved from inorganic matter, though it was not until Buechner's championing of Darwinian theory that materialism could justify the theory scientifically.

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Materialism Photo Essay by Meaghan Hannigan on Prezi

[] Although the view that one can know his own mental states incorrigibly has been defended by nonreductionists like John Searle, this position is not a assumption of all forms of nonreductive materialism. A nonreductionist might argue, for example, that he does not know his own or subjective experience infallibly, but that he that what he has access to in introspection is nonphysical subjective experience.

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[] A materialist theory of the mind which invokes a maintains that each instance of a mental type is identical to each instance of a physical type. That is to say, mental states aren't exclusively identified with brain states, as they are in a . A token identity allows the possibility that the same mental state--pain, for example--could be instantiated not only in the human brain but also in different physical systems, such as computers or radically different alien brains. The type-token identity distinction can be illustrated in other phenomena in nature: lightning is a type identity because it is a category (or type) of natural phenomena that is identical to a category of electrical discharge. A single lightning flash is a token identity: An individual flash of lightning is token identical to an individual electrical discharge. Thus, the broader type identities refer to classes of objects or events, whereas token identities refer to specific cases. A token identity is an essential characteristic of .

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In the plot of the Great Gatsby, the idea of true love during the Jazz Age is defunct, and the social ideals of the American Dream show the aristocratic, materialistic lifestyles of the upper class in society.

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[] Property dualism holds that nonphysical or things do not exist (e.g. immaterial souls which make organisms conscious, vitalist 'life forces' which make organisms alive as opposed to inanimate, and deities and other 'spiritual' beings), but that there are nonphysical of physical matter. Among this class of nonphysical properties are what we call mental states, and they are produced by physical brains. For the property dualist, only physical substances exist, but these physical 'things' can have physical or nonphysical properties. Consciousness, it is argued, is a nonphysical property of the brain because it doesn't have properties commonly associated with physical phenomena (e.g. mass, shape, size, density, electric charge, temperature, position in space, etc).