Leon Trotsky was born in 1879 in a remote part of southern Ukraine.
So that when workers engage in the anti-Semitic, right-wing populism, they are being manipulated by the ruling class and its ideology: in both cases, one has to assert that there is no substantial guarantee of the progressive nature of women or of the working class-the situation is irreducibly antagonistic and open, the terrain of an undecidable ideological and political struggle.
This ambiguity pertains already to the commonplace notion of femininity, which, in line with Gilligan, associates women with intimacy, identification, spontaneity, as opposed to male distance, reflectivity, calculation; but at the same time, also with masquerade, affected feigning, as opposed to male authentic inwardness-woman is simultaneously more spontaneous and more artificial than man.
The purpose of this essay is to explain this transformation.
To conclude, two clichés are to be avoided apropos of the hysterical nature of feminine subjectivity:
-on the one hand, the dismissive treatment of the (feminine) hysterical subject as a confused babbler unable to confront reality, and therefore taking refuge in impotent theatrical gestures (an example from the domain of political discourse: from Lenin onwards, Bolsheviks regularly stigmatized their liberal political opponents as hysterics who "do not know what they effectively want");
-on the other hand, the false elevation of hysteria to a protest, through woman's body language, against male domination: by means of hysterical symptoms, the (feminine) subject signals her refusal to act as the empty screen or medium for the male monologue.
Hysteria has to be comprehended in the complexity of its strategy as a radically ambiguous protest against Master's interpolation which simultaneously bears witness to the fact that the hysterical subject needs a Master, that she cannot do without a Master, so that there is no simple and direct way out.
Despite having once been a Menshevik, Trotsky was soon converted to a loyal and dedicated Bolshevik through the greatly influential persuasive power of Lenin, who convinced Trotsky that the time was right for Revolution....
There were 40 Bolsheviks (communists) in the Petrograd soviet....
His previous travails with the Bolsheviks were ignored as “both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks thought Trotsky was a windbag whose personal ambition mattered more to him...” (Service), however, Lenin eagerly greeted him into the party....
Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution Essay Sample
Suffice it to recall the standard claim that a woman who actively participates in patriarchal repression (by way of following the male ideals of feminine beauty, focusing her life on raising the children, etc.) is eo ipso a victim of male manipulation and plays a role imposed on her.
The October Bolshevik Revolution Of 1917 History Essay
At an even more complex level (in the case of indulging in sadistic fantasies, for example), the very soothing awareness of how I merely daydream, of how "I am not really like that", can well conceal the extent to which my desire is determined by these fantasies...
Insofar as the symbolic constitutes itself by way of positing some element as the traumatic non-symbolizable Thing, as its constitutive exception, then the symbolic gesture par excellence is the drawing of a line of separation between symbolic and real; the real on the contrary, is not external to the symbolic as some kind of substance resisting symbolization-the real is the symbolic itself qua "not-all", i.e., insofar as it lacks the constitutive exception.
It would be productive to elaborate the link between the totalitarian leader and the art of the comic absurd, in which figures of the capricious Master, à la Jarry's roi Ubu, abound: i.e., to read Lewis Carroll with Samuel Goldwyn, Marx Brothers with Stalin, etc.
Carol Gilligan, , Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
The Bolshevik Consolidation of Power 1918-21 Essay | …
Zinoviev said that ' to stake on one card not only the fate of our party â€¦ Russian and international revolutions.' Here he is saying that a revolution attempt at this time would in fact fail and that its failure would cause the Bolshevik and Marxist movement, not only in Russia, but also across the world to collapse....
Bolsheviks In 1920 - Essay about Russian Revolution
The Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, which split into two factions, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, after the Second Congress of 1903.