Essays on italian poetry and music in the renaissance Term p
Since Jacob Burckhardt’s pioneering work (1860) Italy and Italian politics, society, and culture in the 15th and 16th centuries have been identified with the period called the Renaissance. If one accepts the term to define this period, the Italian literature in the vernacular between the second half of the 14th century and the first half of the 16 century can be called Renaissance literature. General characteristics of this period are a renewed emphasis on the individual self (both body and mind), a new perception of time and space spurred by the acquisition of a historical distance from the past—Latin and Greek Antiquity—and the astronomical and geographical discoveries, a new political attitude detached from Christian morality, and a religious world impacted by the Protestant Reformation. Florentine civic humanism, which began in the 14th century and continued throughout the 15th century, played an important role in shaping the notions of history and civic community. The period between the second half of the 16th century and 1650 sees the Catholic Reformation playing a large role in Italy, first with the Council of Trent and, then, with the work of popes bent on eradicating religious heresy from the Italian states. From a political point of view, after the sack of Rome in 1527, the fragile equilibrium among the Italian states, already shaken by the invasion of French king Charles VIII in 1494, was completely destroyed, and much of Italy became de facto a domain of the Spanish kingdom. The culture and literature of this period were characterized by the interest for simulation and dissimulation, codes of behavior and honor. During these centuries Italy did not have a cultural center that irradiated to other cities. Several cities were important for the creation and development of various literary genres, and they were all located in the center and north of the country: Ferrara, Urbino, Mantua, Florence, Venice/Padua, Rome, and, to a lesser extent, Milan. Florence was at the forefront in the choice of the vernacular as the language in which literature should be written. In many histories of Italian literature the period discussed above begins with the work of Francesco Petrarca and his , and it ends with the work of Giambattista Marino and the development of the genre of the . In literature, this period witnessed the original elaboration of Plautine comedies into the genres of the , the birth and development of , the or , and the romance epic poem and the dialogue, besides the elaboration of the genre of the novella and the modification of the epistolary genre.
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While the website of Italica provides the general public and undergraduate students with a reliable introduction to the Italian Renaissance from a literary, cultural, and historiographical point of view, the remaining texts in this category approach Italian literature of the Renaissance and the Reformation from an interdisciplinary perspective. establishes a fruitful interaction between cultural history and political geography, which many writers since then have adopted. Dionisotti also emphasizes the gap between humanism and the Renaissance in terms of language (Latin/vernacular), and the great changes brought by factors such as printing and the academies. Focusing on the notion of history and time, offers a valuable synthesis for scholars and students alike of the historiography on the Renaissance from Burckhardt to the present time. and provide original interpretations of fictional and nonfictional texts informed by gender and feminist theory, productively relating them to historical analysis, textual criticism, and psychoanalytic theory. is a seminal study of the reasons leading to the emergence and the decline of Italian women’s writing in elite literary culture during the long 16th century (1490–1610) and within the context of a specific genre—Petrarchist lyric—and a specific language and idiom—the vernacular normalized by Pietro Bembo. aims to reassess categories such as modernity, periodization, and the importance of individualism, which have been subjects of discussion and debate among scholars in the field. offers a fascinating analysis of the interaction between techniques of visualization of knowledge linked to memory and the spreading of print in vernacular in the 1500s. gives a bird’s-eye view of 17th-century Italian literature in relation to three elements essential for understanding this period: book trade, collecting, and institutions.
Boccaccio, the greatest writer of Italian prose, is renowned chiefly for the Decameron, a collection of one hundred short stories. The tales, ranging from earthy comedies to romantic tragedies, are framed by a story of ten travellers, each of whom tells ten stories in order to pass the time. Many of the stories were not freshly composed by Boccaccio, but rather skilful reworkings of folktales. (Indeed, creative adaptation of preexisting work has been common artistic practice in all media throughout history.) The firm humanism of Boccaccio's work (e.g. the realistic speech and behaviour of his characters) secure his place as a distinctly Renaissance author.
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Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the greatest painters in the world, was born in Florence and lived his adulthood in Florence, the essence and heart of the Italian Renaissance.
Proverbs teach lessons and values through language
As noted in the previous article, epic legends (in the form of narrative poetry and prose) are by far the most prominent works of medieval literature; consequently, even though many other types of literature flourished during the Middle Ages, these are relatively unfamiliar to modern readers. Fortunately, much of the character of medieval literature is present in the works of the fourteenth-century Italian authors, given that they stand at the very dawn of the Renaissance era. Through Petrarch, one is exposed to the qualities of medieval lyric poetry; through Boccaccio, to the qualities of non-epic medieval story-telling.
A History Of The Renaissance Period History Essay
During the Renaissance/Reformation period, literature flourished primarily in Italy, France, Spain, and England. Thanks to the invention of printing (in 15th-century Germany) and the Early Modern rise of the middle class (which possessed the time and wealth to partake in literacy), literature spread more quickly and to a wider audience than ever before. This article focuses on creative literature (as opposed to scholarly literature); key scholarly developments of this period are covered elsewhere (see , ).
the Italian Renaissance can be divided into ..
Inspired by secularism and the classics of ancient Rome and Greece, the Italian Renaissance was a cultural evolution that spurred some the world’s finest arts, music, architecture, and literature.